Click on the links below:

1. Opera Reference Books

2. Websites for the study of Opera


4. 20th Century Opera and the introduction of Symbolism, Expressionism, Realism, Fantasy

5. Here is a "short" list of operas.  Can you name the composers?  Add to the list.

                         Aida                                                                            Luisa Miller

                         Anna Bolena                                                               Macbeth

                         La Bohême                                                                   Madama Butterfly

                         Un ballo, in Maschera                                                 Manon Lescaut

                         II barbiere di Siviglia                                                   Nabucco

                         I Capuleti ed i Montecchi                                            Otello

                         La Cenerentola                                                            I Puritani

                         Le Compte Ory                                                           Rigoletto

                         Don Carlo                                                                   La rondine

                         Don Pasquale                                                                                                                                                        Simon Boccanegra

                         L ‘elisir d ‘amore                                                          La sonnambula

                         Ernani                                                                         Suor Angelica

                         Falstaff                                                                        Gianni Schicchi

                         La fanciulla del west                                                   La Traviata

                         La forza del destino                                                     Turandot

                         Gianni Schicchi                                                          II Turco di ltalia

  Lucrezia Borgia                                                          Les Huguenots

  L ‘Africaine                                                                 Faust

  Romeo et Juliette                                                         Elektra 

  L’amour des trois oranges                                          Wozzeck 

  Porgy and Bess                                                           Peter Grimes

 The Rake’s Progress                                                     Die Walkure 

 Parsifal                                                                         Die Meistersinge

 Siegfried                                                                        Hansel und Gretel

                       Norma                                                                           Nabucco         

                       L’ Incoroniazione di Poppea                                         Orfeo

                       Dido and Aneas                                                             Giulio Cesare

                       La Serva Padrona                                                         Orfeo ed Euridice       

                       Le Nozze di Figaro                                                          Don Giovanni

                       Die Zauberflote                                                               Fidelio

                       The Bartered Bride                                                          Salome

                        Der Rosenkavalier                                                          Mathis der maler

                        Il Tabarro                                                                        Boris Gudanov

                        Dialogue of the Carmelites                                              Turandot

                        Eugene Onegin                                                               Albert Herring

                        Amahl and the Night Visitors                                        The Medium 

                       Carmen                                                                            Samson et Delilah   

Opera Literature

We should be all able to identify excerpts of the major German, Italian, French, and English language operas of the 19th and 20th centuries. Composers should include Beethoven, Weber, Johann Strauss, Jr., Wagner, Richard Strauss, Rossini, Bellini, Donizetti, Offenbach, Puccini, Verdi, Gounod, Bizet, Massenet Debussy, Berg, Britten, Stravinsky and Leoncavallo, and a few others.

 In Vocal Literature, MUS 234,  we will take one opera from the 19th century and, if there is time,  one from the 20th century, as examples to show how to study the major operatic works.  This will include the study of the music, plot, composers, librettists, and singers who created these operas, as well as the political and social environment in which the creators worked. We will also discuss the performance requirements of the operas (vocal and dramatic types needed for various roles, chorus, ballet, etc.) You all will need to know the characteristics of Italian opera seria, opera buffa, and verismo, in addition to major German operas and French opéra comique and Grand opera.

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