1.  Learn about the composer/librettist

2.  Learn about the origin of the opera

3.  Listen to famous interpreters of the work-- singers and conductors.

4.  Research the period in which the opera is set: manners, customs, costumes, etc.


1.  Translate word-for-word the entire libretto. (Donít trust recording jackets; these are not always literal, but can be helpful.)

2.  Write in the International Phonetic Alphabet for the entire role.  This is helpful in perfecting foreign language pronunciation.

3.  Be sure all musical notations of the score, are learned accurately. This includes tempo markings and dynamics.

4.  Work with a musical coach who knows the score, the style of the music, and the language.

5.  Work with your teacher to perfect your vocal technique for the role. Without a good vocal technique, the knowledge above is useless!


1.  Discover your mode of learning:

a.    Auditory--learns from hearing a recording.

b.   Visual--learns by picturing words, visualizing, etc.

c.    Write out the music or words of your part.


1.  Define the character as you interpret it.

2.  Get ideas from movies, videos of operas, etc.

3.  Take an acting class.

4.  Take a movement class to enhance body awareness.

5.  Coach with a stage director or acting teacher.

 If you take the time and effort to prepare a role, you will feel more confident as a singer, and a director or conductor will be more secure in knowing you can produce an excellent performance for their company.

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