Unit One: Early Music through the 15th and 16th Centuries -- Medieval and The Renaissance Periods

Important Composers of the era:

Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179)                Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377)

Léonin (c.1163-1190)                                       Pérotin (circa 1200)

Josquin DePrez (c.1440-1521)                        Guillaume Du Fay (1397-1474)

John Dunstable (c. 1390-1453)                       Giovanni Palestrina (c.1525-94)

 Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548?-1611)           Orlando di Lasso (1532?-1594)

William Byrd (1543-1623)                                Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)  

Jacob Arcadelt (1505-1568)                              Carlo Gesualdo (1560-1613) 

John Dowland (1563-1626)                              Giovanni Gabrieli (1554-1612)

Audio Examples: (Excerpts)

Greensleaves                                                                                                            

Gregorian Chant                                                                                                                                                                                           

Josquin El Grillo                                                                                                         

Machaut No other name but His                                                                                         

Morley Madrigal Daffodil                                                                                            

Entire Selections:

The Play of Daniel, a Medieval Drama

Please click here for notes on the play of Daniel

Part one and Part two.

1. Epitaph of Seikilos 

2. Euripides: Orestes: Stasimon chorus       

3. Gregorian Chant: Mass for Christmas Day:  Introit: Puer natus est nobis Kyrie, Gloria, Gradual: Viderunt omnes, Alleluia

4. Gregorian Chant: Mass for Christmas Day: Credo        

5. Gregorian Chant : Mass for Christmas Day: Offertory: Tui sunt coeli, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Communion: Viderunt omnes plus  Gregorian Chant Office of Second Vespers, Nativity of Our Lord Antiphon:          Tecum principium, Psalm 109: Dixit Dominus Short Responsory: Verbum cam, Gregorian Chant Sequence for the Solemn Mass of Easter Day: Victimae paschaa audes

6. Hildegard of Bingen: Ordo virtutum: In principio omnes Sequentia

7. Gregorian Chant: Trope: Quem quaeritis in praesepe

8. Adam de Ia HaIIe: jeu de Robin et de Marion: Rondeau: Robins m'aime

9. Bernart de Ventadorn: Can vei Ia Iauzeta mover

10. Beatriz de Dia:  Canso: A chantar

11. Hans Sachs: Nachdem David war redlich und aufrichtig

12. Istampita Palamento

13. Organum: AIleIuia justus organum Ut palma

14. Aquitanian Polyphony: jubilemus, exultemus Dominique Vellerd;

15. Léonin, etc. AIIeIuia Pascha nostrum: Gregorian Chant and Early Polyphonic Elaborations Léonin, Organum duplum Motet: Gaudeat devotio ftdelium Léonin, Organum duplum, cont'd Motet: Ave Maria, Fans letitie Léoni, Organum duplum, cont'd Motet: Salve, salus hominum/Oradians stella/nostrum

16. Pérotin: Organum quadruplum: Sederunt

17. Conductus: Ave virgo virginum

18. Anonymous Motet: Amours mi font/En mai/FIos Filius eius

19. Philippe de Vitry In arborislTuba sacre fidel/Virgo sum

Guillaume de Machaut to Pierre Attaingnant

 J

1. Guillaume de Machaut Mass:Agnus Dei

2. Guillaume de Machaut Rondeau: Rose, liz, printemps, verdure

3. Jacopo da Bologna: Madrigal: Fenice fu

4. Francesco Landini Ballata: Non avrd ma' pietà

5. Baude Cordier Rondeau: Belle, bonne, sage

6. John Dunstable Motet: Quam pulchra es

7. Carol: Salve, sancta parens

8. Guillaume de Fay Ballade: Resvellies vous et faites chiere lye

9. Guillaume Du Fay Hymn: Conditor alme siderum

10. Guillaume Du Fay Ballade: Se Ia face ay pale Missa Se Ia face ay pale: Gloria

11. GilIes Binchois: Rondeau: De plus en plus

12. Johannes Ockeghem: Missa De plus en plus: Kyrie and Agnus Dei The Tallis

13. Josquin des Prez: Missa Pange lingua: Kyrie; Credo: Et incarnatus est Crucifixus

14. Josquin des Prez: Motet: De profundis clamavi ad te

15. Heinrich Isaac:  Lied: lnnsbruck, ich muss dich lassen

16. Marco Cara: Frottola: Ia non compro piu speranza

17. Jacob Arcadelt: Madrigal: II bianco e dolce cigno

18. Adrian Willaert: Madrigal: Aspro core e selvaggio

19. Cipriano de Rore: Madrigal: Da le belle contrade d'oriente

20. Luca Marenzio: Madrigal: Solo e pensoso

21. Carlo Gesualdo: Madrigal: "Io parto" e non piu dissi

22. Claudin de Sermisy: Chanson: Tant que vivray

23. Claude Le Jeune: Chanson: Revecy venir du printans

24. Thomas Weelkes: Madrigal: 0 Care, thou wilt despatch me

25. John Dowland: Air: Flow, my tears

26. Pierre Attaingnant: Danseries a 4 parties, Second Livre: Baste danse

27. Pierre Attaingnant: Branle gay: Que je chatoulle to fossette 

William Byrd to Girolamo Frescobaldi

Giovanni da Palestrina

1. William Byrd: Pavana Lachrymae

2. William Byrd: Full Anthem: Sing joyfully unto God

3. Giovanni da Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass: Credo

4. Giovanni da Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass: Agnus Del I

5. Tomás Luis de Victoria: Motet: 0 magnum mysterium

6. Tomás Luis de Victoria: Mass: 0 magnum mysterium, Kyrie

7. Orlando di Lasso: Motet: Tristis est anima mea

8. Giulio Caccini: Madrigal: Vedro 'I mio

9. Jacopo Peri: Le musiche sopra  I'Euridice: Prologue: la, che d'alti sospir

10. Jacopo Peri: Nei pur ardor

11. Jacopo Peri: Per quel yoga boschetto

12. Claudio Monteverdi: Madrigal: Cruda Amarilli 

13. Claudio Monteverdi: L'Orfeo: Prologue: Dal mio Permesso; Act II: Vi ricorda; and in un florito proto   (Note: two different examples)

14. Claudio Monteverdi: L'incoronazione di Poppea: Act I, Scene 3

15. Marc Antonio Cesti: Orontea: Act II, Scene 17: intorno all'idol mio

16. Barbara Strozzi: Cantata: Lagrime mie

17. Giovanni Gabrieli: Grand Concerto: In ecclesiis

18. Lodovico Viadana: Sacred Concerto: 0 Domine, Jesu Christe

19. Alessandno Grandi: Motet: 0 quam tu pulchra es

20. Giacomo Carissimi: Historia di Jephte: Plorate colles; Plorate filii Israel    (Note: two different examples)

21. Heinnich Schütz: Grand Concerto: Saul, was verfolgst du mich

22. Ennemond Gaultier: Gigue: La Poste: Lute Version; Arrangement for harpsichord (Note: two different examples)

23. Johann Jakob Froberger: Lamentation faite sur la mort . . . De Ferdinand le troisième ...

24. Girolamo Frescobaldi: Toccata No.3

25. Giovanni Gabrielli Sacra Symphony   

Court and Ceremonial Music of the 16th Century

1.          Josquin des Près: Fanfare "Vive le Roi"

2.         Binchois: Triste Plaisir et Doileure

3.         Caccini: Amarilli Mia Bella

4.         Loyset Compère: Che fai Ia Ramacia

5..        ANON.: Tuba Gallucas

6.          Bincois:  Deul Angoisseux, Rage Desmesuree

7.          Dufay: Les Doleurs

8.          Dufay: Donnes L'Assault a  la Forteresse

9.          Busnoys: Air for two sacqueboutes, chalemie and a tambour.

10.         Delahaye: Mort, J'appelle de la Rigueuer

11.         ANON.:  Epitaphe de L’amant

12.         ANON.:  Dit Le Bourguignon

13.         Heinrich Isaac:  Morte Che Fai?

14.          Heinrich ISAAC:   La Morra T

Selections from the famous Grand Prix du Disc winning record recorded in the 1950s by the Monks of the Benedictine Abbey En Calcat in France with the Boy's Choir of L'Alumnat.

Salve festa dies
Salve Regina
Sunday processional
Litany of Easter eve
Christe redemptor
Hodie Christus natus est
Monistary bells
Organ improvisation on Salve festa dies

From the 1960's

Salve festa dies
Hodie nobis caelorum Rex
Christus resurgens

Ave Maris stella
Gaudeamus


San Marco Cathedral in Venice, where Gabrieli played his music

Gabrieli was an organist at the San Marco Cathedral in Venice and preceeded Monteverdi's tenure there. The following four selections are from a set of three albums that were recorded by Columbia Records in Gabrielli's own San Marco Cathedral in Venice in the 1960s and featured The Gregg Smith Singers, the Texas Boys Choir, the Edward Tarr Brass Ensemble, E. Power Biggs and Vittorio Negri, conductor. These recordings were a tremedous revelation of the music of this fine composer as they fully reveal the glory of his music. The albums were called The Glory of Gabrielli, The Glory of Venice, and The Glory of Gabrieli, Volume III. These albums are long out of print, but Sony has re-released some, if not all, of the material from these albums in CD format.

Kyrie This glorious Kyrie is from a mass for three choirs from which only the Kyrie and the Sanctus (with its accompanying Benedictus) remain.

Gloria A beautiful realization of the Gloria from another set of extant movements, this one for two choirs.

Plaudite, Psalite A powerful uplifting in praise and worship is this great composition for three choirs. 

O Magnum Mysterium Gabrieli's setting of the Christmas text O Magnum Mysterium (O Wonderful Mystery) concludes with a resounding singing of alleluia!

Vere languores Ensemble vocal M. Couraud. French recording from 1940s.

Vere languores The Roger Wagner Chorale. 1960s.
Vere Languores is a motet written for inclusion in the Holy Week Service

Magnificat for two choirs in Primi Toni. Choir of the Carmelite Priorty, London. John McCarthy, director. 1965
Victoria's two-part magnificat is a musical treasure.

Quem vidistis pastores? A glorius, glorius celebration of the nativity of Jesus. The Philippe Caillard Vocal Ensemble. Erato recording for the 1960s.

Agnus Dei
from the Missa Quarti Toni. The Philippe Caillard Vocal Ensemble. Erato recording for the 1960s.

Vexilla regis The is one of the finest of Victoria's hymn settings. Vexilla regis is sung during holy week and uses a text written by Thomas Aquinas. The Philippe Caillard Vocal Ensemble. Erato recording for the 1960s.

O vos omnes A beautiful holy week motet. The Philippe Caillard Vocal Ensemble. Erato recording from the 1950s or 1960s.

Lauda sion Sequence for two choirs. Choir of the Carmelite Priorty, London. John McCarthy, director. 1965

Laudate, by Palestrina. Choir of Monsignoir Rella, Perpetual Maestro of the Sistine Chapel Choir of the Vatican, Rome. Victrola 6442. 1924

O Magnum mysterium. Spandauer Kantorei. Martin Behrmann, director. About 1969.

Lamentation Second Lamentation for Holy Friday for four voices. The Dessoff Choirs. Paul Boepple, director. 1960s

Resonet in laudibus sung by the Philippe Caillard Chorus, Philippe Caillard, director. Erato (France) LP. 1960s.

Pater noster for two choirs. The Windsbacher Boys Choir. Hans Thamm, director. 1960

Hor che 'l ciel e la terra Monteverdi's setting of Francesco Petrarca's sonnet from the 8th Book of Madrigals. Glyndebourne Chorus conducted by Raymond Leppard. Phillips LP, 1970.

Cantate Domino The Monteverdi Choir. Decca LP (from England) 1970.

Ecce quomodo  The Ambrosian Singers. John McCarthy, director. 1960s. The Austrian composer Anton Bruchner considered this holy-week composition highly.

Dulcissima Maria The Monteverdi Choir. Decca LP (from England) 1970.

Dowland: Lady Clifton's Spirit